menu close menu

CommandsKarate Terminology

Seiza – Kneel
Sensei ni rei – Bow to instructor
Kiritsu – Stand
Yoi – Ready
Rei – Bow
Mawatte – Turn
Hadjime – Begin
Yame – Stop
Hidari – Left
Migi – Right
Jodan – Head
Chudan – Body
Gedan – Low level
Kekomi – Thrusting
Keage – Rising
Barai – Sweeping
Choku – Direct
Renraku – Combination
Waza – Form-technique
Dojo – Place of the Way

Stances

Dachi – Stance
Yoi fudo – Ready
Zen kutso – Forward
Gyaku – Opposite
Sanchin – Hour glass
Kiba – Straddle
Ko kutsu – Back leaning
Neko ashi – Cat foot
Musubi – Open toed
Shiko – dachi Sumo
Hanmi gamae – Fighting stance

Hands

Te – Hand
Seiken – Forefist
Uraken – Backfist
Tettsui – Bottomfist
Shuto – Knife hand
Haito – Ridge hand (inner)
Haishu – Back hand
Nukite – Knife hand
Teisho – Palm heel
Toho – Sword peak hand
Ippon ken – One knuckle fist
Empi – Elbow

Feet

Ashi – Foot
Hiza – Knee
Sokuto – Foot edge
Chusoku – Ball of foot
Haisoku – Instep
Kakato – Heel
Teisoku – Arch

Blocks

Uke – Block
Jodan age uke – Head block (rising)
Soto uke – Outer block
Uchi uke – Inner block
Haisho uke – Back hand block
Shuto uke – Knife hand block
Gedan barai – Lower sweeping block
Morote uke – Augmented block
Teisho uke – Palm heel block
Hiza uke – Knee block

Punches

Tsuki – Thrust
Chudan oi zuki – Middle level punch
Gyakuzuki – Reverse punch
Morotezuki – Double fist punch

Strikes

Uchi – Strike
Tettsui Bottom – fist strike
Shuto uchi – Knife hand strike
Haitto uchi – Ridge hand strike
Teisho uchi – Palm heel strike
Seiken – Round fist strike
Uraken – Back fist strike
Empi uchi – Elbow strike
Ago uchi – Chin strike (straight fist

Kicks

Geri – Kick
Mae geri – Front kick
Mawashi geri – Roundhouse kick
Yoko geri – Side kick
Sokuto fumikomi – Side stamping kick
Ushiro geri – Back kick
Mae tobi geri – Front jumping kick
Kakato geri – Heel kick
Kin geri – Groin kick
Mawashi uchi geri – Round back kick
Hiza geri – Knee kick